Functions of the Present Tense
How the French present tense works in comparison with the English.
Four Meanings of Pronominal Verbs
The four uses of pronominal verbs: reflexive, reciprocal, passive, and “subjective” or idiomatic.
Forms & Uses of the Conditional
Formation & Uses of the Conditional Tenses (A Future-in-the-Past), Conditional Sentences, Polite Expressions, To Report What Somebody Else Has Said).
Examples of Conditional Sentences
Examples of the three basic types of conditional sentences: present – future, imperfect – present conditional, pluperfect – past conditional.
Verbs conjugated like craindre, éteindre, poindre. Forms, origins, meanings, and a host of other useful bits of information.
Irregular Verb Groupings
Irregular verbs grouped together according to 1) similarity of forms, 2) derivations.
Formation of the simple past: regular & irregular verbs.
Temporal Expressions & Their Tenses
Prepositions of time such as depuis, il y a, and pendant, the tenses they are used with, and what they mean.
Aspects of French Past Tenses
On the great divide between the perfective (passé composé, passé simple) and the imperfective (imparfait) in French.
To & Fro Twixt English & French Past Tenses
What Each Tense in One Language Can Be in the Other
A table showing what a French past tense can be in English and what an English past tense can be in French.
The Ins & Outs of the Passé composé
The passé composé formed with avoir, with être; when the past participle agrees with…something…
Forms & Environments of the Imperative
Forms of the Imperative; Use with pronoun objects; the Third-Person Imperative; and Yet Other Matters Imperative.
Faire Causatif or Causal Faire
Making Other People Do Things for You
The French way getting somebody else to do something is with the faire causatif. It performs two functions for the price of one: having someone do something and having something done.
House of Being Verbs
Verbes de la Maison d'Être
Verbs that form their compound tenses with étre are said to belong to the Maison d’Être, an absolutely hilarious jeu de mots. Herein the true raison d’être of the Maison d’Être is clearly presented.
Fun with Regular –(d)re Verbs
The wherefrom, whereto, and wherewith of regular French -re verbs, which could also be called -dre verbs, since they all have a base ending in -d. 1) Verbs of this kind everyone needs to know. 2) Verbs of this kind to add elegance to your prose. 3) Verbs similarly conjugated.
Compound Past and the Poet
Passé composé in Alfred de Musset's "Tristesse"
A grammatical and linguistic analysis of the poem “Tristesse” by Alfred de Musset, with special emphasis on the use of the passé composé, and an English translation.
The -Ant Form of the Verb
Le Participe présent et le gérondif
The uses of the -ant form of the verb in French, as present participle and in the gérondif construction.
Infinitives Following Verbs
Are They Introduced by À, DE, or nothing?
Hints for making sense (by showing a few groupings) of how dependent infinitives connect to verbs (verbs that have an infinitive follow directly, those that use the preposition â, and those that use the preposition de).
Both a Semi-Auxliary and a Verb in Its Own Right
The French verb savoir as a semi-auxiliary verb and as a verb in its own right; its uses and meanings in passé composé and in imparfait are contrasted.
A Semi-Auxiliary Without Peer
The verb devoir in all its many forms and meanings: as a verb in its own right, but especially as a semi-auxiliary, in which capacity it performs an astonishing number of functions.