Art poétique: Chant Ier
A summary, in modern French prose, of the principal ideas contained in the first part of Nicolas Boileau’s Art poétique (1674).
Compound Past and the Poet
Passé composé in Alfred de Musset's "Tristesse"
A grammatical and linguistic analysis of the poem “Tristesse” by Alfred de Musset, with special emphasis on the use of the passé composé, and an English translation.
The Trouble with Roland
Are we justified in calling Roland proud? A web essay examining passages in the Chanson de Roland in which the hero is associated with terms of approbation or disapprobation.
The first poem in Le Spleen de Paris (1869), Baudelaire’s collection of poems in prose, and the easiest poem he ever wrote. A series of questions and answers that, according to a likely interpretation, examine the nature of the poet.