Examples of the conditionnel concessif from Chloderlos de Laclos’s famous epistolary novel of 1782. Some involve the conditional present introduced by quand (rather than the imperfect indicative introduced by si), and some involve the imperfect subjunctive.
The things literary subjunctive tenses can do, both their rather unsurprising uses in secondary sequence and their more remarkable ones in conditional sentences.
The verb devoir in all its many forms and meanings: as a verb in its own right, but especially as a semi-auxiliary, in which capacity it performs an astonishing number of functions.
The odd but elegant phrase ne saurait is here explained, also tips for translating it into English are given and examples are provided.
The five functions of French si: 1) “if” introduction a condition; 2) “if/whether” introducing an indirect questions; 3) the intensifying adverb “so, such”; 5) the adverb “however” in an indefinite construction.
The various forms of grammatical concession in French: not only concessive clauses, but other kinds of constructions as well.
Examples of the three basic types of conditional sentences: present – future, imperfect – present conditional, pluperfect – past conditional.
Formation & Uses of the Conditional Tenses (A Future-in-the-Past), Conditional Sentences, Polite Expressions, To Report What Somebody Else Has Said).
A mountain song that may put you in mind of Rousseau’s star-crossed Alpine lovers. My version of the melody is especially good if you like to yodel.
This song is now relegated to children, but its matter is far from exemplary: misbehavior on the part of cats, shepherdesses, and clergy.
France’s stirring national anthem. Its “us versus them” sentiment can be (and has been) put to use in a multitude of situations.
A “spinning” song of a different kind (i.e., it has nothing to do with spinning thread). A good song for increasing your monastic vocabulary.
A stroll to a favorite bathing spot turns into a lament for lost love and a meditation on what-might-have-been. With a haunting melody.